Canada is one of the world’s largest countries by size but considering its size it has a relatively low population. This means that immigrate to Canada is easier than it is to many other countries but of course there are still some regulations regarding immigration there and anyone wanting to move there would still have to meet certain criteria, it is just that that criteria may not be as hard as it may be for other countries. There is always a steady flow of migrants to Canada but at times the Canadian immigration service can get extra busy. One of these times was when there was a crash in the stock market and more recently when Donald Trump won the United States Presidential elections and became the president elect. At these times of course it was mainly people from the United States that were swamping the immigration services but ordinarily the migrants are from all around the world. Canada is a Federation but perhaps a federation unlike any other. The federation is made up of 10 Provinces and 3 territories but those are divided into four regions western Canada, Northern Canada, Central Canada and Atlantic Canada. What perhaps makes Canada different from other federations is the fact that the Provinces together make more in revenues than the Federal Government does but the Federal Government does equalize these revenues to ensure that the services in the poorer provinces match those in the richer ones.
Perhaps one of the easiest ways to migrate to Canada is by first applying and getting a student visa and then you could later apply for a working visa or even residency. There are though certain professions which Canada is currently short of and so if you are qualified in one of those, immigration to Canada may be easier for you. Some of these professions are Industrial, electrical and construction trades. Maintenance and operation trades, Supervisors and technical occupations in national resources, agriculture and related production, Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators, chefs, cooks, balers and butchers. Although these are the trades and professions currently needed, this list does change and so check before applying. These are considered to be on the Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC) and so that is what you should check before even applying for a work visa for Canada. Although this is the Federal list, each Province may be short of its own skilled labourers and so they may have their own list in addition to this one. You should therefore check with each Province separately or at least check for the one you would have a preference to live in.
Even though Canada may need people of certain trades, there is of course a process to go through and some of the questions you may be asked are nationality, age, language ability, Family members, education, work experience, income and/or net worth. It may depend on the answers you give to these questions as to whether or not you are accepted.